Do not be a traitor to yourself and do not destroy what God has entrusted to you, calling it: ﴿فِطْرَةَ اللَّهِ الَّتِي فَطَرَ النَّاسَ عَلَيْهَا.﴾. This act of yours, according to a tradition, will cause more harm to your faith than the harm done by two wolves that attack a herd of sheep without a shepherd from both sides. Hence, if we are sincere in our faith in God, it is in itself a favor bestowed upon us by God. This weakness in iman causes a person to ignore the blessings and rewards of the Hereafter, and increases a person's desire for fame and prestige in this world. At the first step an individual demonstrates his piety and virtuous deeds. There are two probable interpretations of this hadith. Our Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said in hadith: “Shall I not inform you of what I fear for you more than the Masih ad-Dajjal? Riya' in worship means that one worships not for God, but intends to show off. The Devil possesses the knowledge of all these things more than I and you or any other individual, but still he is an unbeliever. The heart of the true believer (mu’min) lies between two fingers of God, that He may turn it whatever way He pleases. Abstain from everything that resembles riya’ and simulation, however virtuous it may appear to be. The helpless fellow, unconscious of the Satan’s whispering, tries to demonstrate his superiority through a sanctimonious glance or gesture, which displays his inner polytheism, which is enough for sending him to Sijjin. The third stage also is divided into several sections. It has been mentioned earlier that faith emerges from the depths of the heart, and in this matter mere abstract knowledge does not suffice. This tendency does not annul their action, nor does it make them infidels, hypocrites (munafiqun) or polytheists either. 2. It is possible that some people who do not know the meaning, the basic principles and ingredients of determinism may mistake it as such, whereas it is not jabr but tawhid. May 2, 2019 807,461. الَّتِي تَطَّلِعُ عَلَى الْأَفْئِدَةِ.﴾. But know, that God Almighty is not in need of you or me or any other creature, and He has no need of our service and sincerity. 8, Hadith 725; Vol.1, Hadith 53) 2. The narrator of the tradition, Jarrah al-Mada’ini, reports from Imam al-Sadiq (A) that he asked the Imam about the words of the Almighty that ‘whosoever is desirous of meeting his Creator, he should perform virtuous deeds and should not ascribe any partner to God in his worship,’ seeking an explanation. بِالسَّنَدِ المُتَّصِلِ إِلى مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَعْقُوبَ عَنْ عَلِيٍّ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ، عَنْ أَبِي المَغْرَا عَنْ يَزِيدَ بْنِ خَلِيفَةٍ قَالَ: قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِاللهِ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ: كُلُّ رِيَاءٍ شِرْكٌ. The marji’ taqlid (legal authority) whom he follows may not have laid any condition for praying behind an imam except acceptability of his outward behavior. Aisha on Arrogance: When does a man become vile? The second stage, too, is comprised of two steps: 1. By ever remembering these things, which you already know and which are also not new to you, be heedful and sincere from within the heart, and, without ceasing, critically reevaluate your movements, pauses, and your behavior. It is better to conceal what we give or do as sadaqah: But the only thing that you have to do is to sincerely cultivate the love of God in your heart, untainted and unspoiled, with struggle and effort. Even if it has some benefit, it is insignificant and short-lived. Disciplining the Soul: Averting Riya' (Insincerity and Pretentiousness) Whoever knows Allah truly will make his deeds sincere to Him. Authenticity (ikhlas) is the highest stage of freedom from riya’ and is characteristic of the saints (awliya’ Allah); others do not share this quality. قَالَ: لا بَأْسَ! In any case, purge your heart from the dirt of polytheism with perfect solemness and severest self-criticism, lest, God forbid, you should pass away from this world in this state that your performance is deplorable, and there is no hope of salvation for you. Such acts, whether performed in total or in part, with the motive of Riya’, to please the others, are discussed in the books of fiqh. In the same way, our other activities also are interfered with by the Satan. © Ahlul Bayt Digital Islamic Library Project 1995-2020. Unrecognized Email or Password, please try again. Riya’ bisa jadi kufur akbar apabila seseorang itu masuk agama atas dasar riya’ dan nifak, dia masuk islam bukan dilandasi dengan keimanan dan kecintaan, maka hukumnya berubah menjadi munafik, yang hukumnya adalah kufrun akbar. He tries to convert them into polytheists, and for this purpose he invades the hearts of the imams through various means, such as ‘ujb (self admiration), which we shall discuss later on, and riya’, which is a display of religiosity through this significant worship for impressing the people, gaining publicity, and earning their admiration and respect; for instance, when an imam sees that a certain pious person is attending the congregational prayer, he tries to make an ostentation of his humility and devotion in order to capture his attention and win his admiration; he tries to find various ways of mentioning him in the gatherings of ‘people not present in the congregation; in order to show his importance, he drags the name of that pious man again and again and tries to inform the people about his presence as a follower in the congregational prayer; thus, he tries to create a false impression of a close association with him, especially if he belongs to the business class, and expresses such a great love and friendship for him which he never expressed even for a single moment for God or His favored servants. Forty Hadith An Exposition on 40 ahadith narrated through the Prophet [s] and his Ahl al-Bayt [a] by Imam Ruhullah al-Musawi al-Khumayni Translated by: Mahliqa Qara'i (late) and Ali Quli Qara'i Published by: Al-Tawhid P.O Box 37165-111, Qum The Islamic Republic of Iran He created all these things for us and prepared them for us even before we came into this world. When this sacred and holy dictum is impressed on the heart, the domain of the heart turns by itself into the kingdom of God Almighty. His lust is not satiated with that. Speaking about acts of worship does not necessarily constitute riya. The deeds by means of which you could have gained Divine favors, could have secured a happy and blissful life in eternity, and could have attained the highest station in the highest heaven; you have replaced it with the darkness of polytheism and hypocrisy, and have procured for yourself regret, shame and the severest chastisement, and have converted yourself into a ‘sijjini’ (an inhabitant of the lowest or dungeon of hell) instead. Apart from the above-mentioned ahadith narrated from the Prophet (S) and Amir al-mu’minin (A), there is another hadith also, reported by Zurarah from imam Abu Ja’far (A), which is as follows: عَنْ زُرَازَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ؛ قَالَ (زُرَارَةُ): سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَعْمَلُ الشَّيْءَ مِنَ الخَيْرِ فَيَرَاهُ إِنْسَانُ فَيَسُرُّهُ ذَلِكَ. مَا مِنْ أَحَدٍ إِلا وَيُحِبُّ أَنْ يَظْهَرَ لَهُ فِي النَّاسِ الخَيْرُ إِذَا لَمْ يَكُنْ صَنَعَ ذَلِكَ لِذَلِكَ. You are guilty of violation of Divine honor in your heart that belongs to the celestial world, in front of the angels of God and His prophets. From here, the Satan then steals into other rows to allure other people on account of his awkward gestures and funny behavior a devotee becomes the target of jeer and sneer of others, who consider themselves to be free from all sort of faults. It may even be said that the performer of such adulterated acts would be treated as one of the munafiqun. He will raise your status in the eyes of people and will exalt you in both the worlds. But if your self again is bent upon deceiving others and does not refrain from committing another treachery and contends that the utterance of truth is a meritorious act, and possesses a spiritual reward also, and that it is in your interest to attain an elevated station in the Hereafter, you are advised to ask your self: Suppose if God Almighty accords you the real glory for your defeat in case you gracefully accept it, would you still desire to prevail? Enter valid first name and last name with at least one space. But since the majority of the worshippers express their devotion to God through formal prayers, the Devil commonly intervenes at this stage more frequently. Al-Shaykh al-Saduq has also reported the same tradition from Imam al-Sadiq (A), which forms a part of the last will and testament of the Prophet (S) to ‘Ali (A): عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِاللهِ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ قَالَ: قَالَ أَمِيرُ المُؤْمِنِينَ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ : ثَلاثُ عَلامَاتٍ لِلْمُرَائِي: يَنْشِطُ إِذَا رَأَى النَّاسَ، وَيَكْسِلُ إِذَا كَانَ وَحْدَهُ، وَيُحِبُّ أَنْ يُحْمَدَ فِي جَمِيعِ أُمُورِهِ. Showing off (riya) in worship 9359 Publication : 01-12-2009 Views : 80234 en. There are certain other reasons also for such a view, but we shall abstain from mentioning them. These weak creatures possess no power, and their estimation is insignificant. (On the authority of the above-mentioned narrators), Yazid ibn Khalifah reports from Imam al-Sadiq (A) that he said, “Riya in any of its forms amounts to shirk, (polytheism); verily, one who works for the people, his reward lies with them, and one who works for God his reward lies with God.”1. You and your hearts are the abodes of Divine honor. Tunjukkan amal perbuatan kalian, dan ambilah pahala-pahala kalian dari Tuhan kalian semua.” Dalam artian dari hadits di atas adalah orang yang tulus beramal dan ora… The Will of the Almighty prevails over the wills of other beings. This person, besides being conceited and sanctimonious, is also ignorant of the laws of the Shari’ah. But the loner is not concerned with that, for his real motive is riya’. The darkness of this vice causes man to leave this world as an unbeliever in God, and the feigned faith that he had assumed proves nothing more than a senseless and empty profession; it is a form without content, a body without soul and a skull without brain; and in no way is acceptable to God. God Almighty is intolerant regarding His Dignity and honor. In what way will our sincerity and obedience do them any good? Absolute purification from the impurity of polytheism and obtaining perfect authenticity (ikhlas) of devotion is essentially a primary, condition for attaining the stage reserved for awliya’ Allah, and there are even higher stages which they can attain, but, here, it would be out of place to go into these details. He will make your will consummate in the next world as His own Will is executed throughout the cosmos. Cross-examine yourself for every detail; try to evaluate your deeds through introspection whether they were meant for the realization of virtue or motivated otherwise. Indeed it is the heart of the man of faith, which can contain Me. Rasulullah SAW bersabda bahwa Allah SWT telah berfirman : “Ketika hari kiamat telah tiba, maka aka nada suara memanggil : dimanakah orang yang suka pamer ? 2. Only then he can become a perfect mumin. Hence, his actions will lead him to felicity; egoism will be eliminated and self-conceit and pride will recede. ثُمَّ قَالَ: مَا مِنْ عَبْدٍ أَسَرَّ خَيْراً فَذَهَبَتِ الأَيَّامُ أَبَداً حَتَّى يُظْهِرَ اللهُ لَهُ خَيْراً، وَمَا مِنْ عَبْدٍ يُسِرُّ شَرّاً فَذَهَبَتِ الأَيَّامُ أَبَداً حَتَّى يُظْهِرَ اللهُ لَهُ شَرّاً. Those forms will be in accordance with the state of one’s soul and its traits. But the same trait is considered to be a shortcoming in the case of a wali or ‘arif bi-Allah, as for them it amounts to nifaq or shirk. Congregational prayer is an eminent form of Islamic worship, and the leader of this prayer holds a distinctive position of honor. But if your heart yields to your mind and approves of its judgment, this job will no more be difficult for you. It is the hidden shirk. Therefore, persons who lay greater emphasis on this aspect (i.e. Therefore, it is clear that the submission, which is the gratification and comfort of the heart, is quite a different thing from knowledge, which is the gratification of the mind. My friend, be judicious and careful in your actions. God forbid, lest the gravity of your deeds should arouse His anger and should it overcome His tolerance and willingness to conceal sins, as you have read in the hadith. The Satan is not content with dragging the leader of the congregation to the hell. Work for the sake of God. In any case, it is obvious that the hadith condemns riya’, because the performance of the obligatory acts and duties if not motivated by riya’, cannot be the object of Divine wrath. This desire causes a person to fall into riya'. Now, my friend, do as you please; either accept it or reject it. This fact is confirmed by a tradition mentioned in al-Kafi, narrated by ‘Ali ibn Salim: سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِاللهِ، عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ، يَقُولُ: قَالَ اللهُ، عَزَّ وَجَلَّ: أَنَا خَيْرُ شَرِيكٍ؛ مَنْ أَشْرَكَ مَعِيَ غَيْرِي فِي عَمَلٍ عَمِلَهُ لَمْ أَقْبَلْهُ إِلا مَا كَانَ لِي خَالِصاً. Such a kind of person tries to make a display of his trust in God and His Power, saying that he does not believe in any being except Him. The first stage is comprised of two steps: 1. He, the poor fellow, considers himself to be a believer, whereas in reality he is an idolater, and he is condemned to taste the chastisement prescribed for the munafiqun. It is rare for riya’ to occur in obligatory duties themselves; more often it relates to their mode of performance and to acts which are mustahabb or supererogatory. Know that the real King of kings, the true Giver of real bounties, has bestowed upon us all these favors. This comes under the hadith of the Prophet ﷺ where he says, “None of you perfected your belief until you love for your brother what you love for yourself.” 1) DELAYING THE OBLIGATORY ACTS OF WORSHIP . Said the Imam (A): There is no harm in it; there is no one who does not like that his good deeds be made known to the people, in case he does not perform them [solely] for the sake of attracting their admiration.7. Posted in Hadith, Sufism (Tasawwuf) | Tagged `ujb, apostasy, arrogance, hidden shirk, pride, riya, Shaykh Zakariyya al-Kandihlawi, tazkiyya | Comments Off on Hadith: Allah’s Preventing Self-Aggrandizing Worship Therefore, whenever you realize that the Satan interferes in your affairs, you should immediately know that your actions are not performed with sincere intentions and are not meant for the Almighty. View More. di manakah orang yang ikhlas? It is a matter of pity for a person that his prayers and other devotional acts should serve as fuel for the fires of hell. For the same reason we have dealt with sum’ah as a part of riya’, not as a distinct vice, and have not elaborated its meaning separately. advertisement of false virtues, which is a branch of the accursed tree of riya’; for God Almighty does not approve of it and condemns its perpetrator to Sijjin. They did not either demand any remuneration or reward for the services they rendered. At the end, it is to be noted that sum’ah means to orally transmit one’s good qualities to the ears of people for the purpose of attracting them and publicizing oneself, and this tendency is a branch of the vicious tree of riya’. This physical world in spite of its vastness is so limited and narrow that we cannot imagine a heavenly hour with our this-worldly vision. whether all spiritual effort is for God or for selfish motives.
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