1 Samuel 1:19b–20. Luke-Acts Jonathan is covering for David, trying to give Saul a plausible - and truthful - explanation for David's absence. Ceremonial uncleanliness might cause a person to miss a feast such as this, but the ceremonial uncleanliness would only last a day (Leviticus 22:3-7). iv. So David said, “Look, tomorrow is the New Moon feast, and I am supposed to dine with the king; but let me go and hide in the field until the evening of the day after tomorrow. a. And they kissed one another; and they wept together, but David more so. Indeed, my father will do nothing either great or small without first telling me. i. Saul lived by what Trapp called "That Machiavellian maxim … It is for tradesmen, and not for kings to keep their oaths." In the spiritual relationship between David and Jonathan, sometimes David was stronger spiritually, and sometimes Jonathan was stronger. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica. Prophets He sat in his customary place by the wall, opposite Jonathan, Saul said nothing that day, for he thought, “Something must have happened to David to make him ceremonially unclean—surely he is unclean.”, But the next day, the second day of the month, David’s place was empty again. (Meyer). Samuel and the Sons of Belial (1 Samuel 2:11-36) 4. In that day, when one royal house replaced another, it was common for the new royal house to kill all the potential rulers from the old royal house. a. Then David hid in the field. (1-4) David asks Jonathan about Saul’s intentions towards him; Jonathan promises his help to David. (Poole). Now Jonathan again caused David to vow, because he loved him; for he loved him as he loved his own soul. But if my father intends to harm you, may the LORD deal with Jonathan, be it ever so severely, if I do not let you know and send you away in peace. b. “You are not going to die! Jonathan's response is the same as in 1 Samuel 20:2; he didn't know that Saul set out to get David in Naioth, though previously to that point, his father would tell him everything. 1. (Meyer). So both of them went out into the field. But if God just wanted a godly man to be king, why not Jonathan? Jonathan answered, “David earnestly asked me for permission to go to Bethlehem. It may not pale the beaming … Then Jonathan said to David: "The LORD God of Israel is witness! Do I not know that you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own shame and to the shame of your mother's nakedness? He wants to give him encouragement also. (1:3) Yearly 4) Where were the sons of Eli serving as priests? 1 Samuel A2 Classic Bible Study Guide 3 1 Samuel 1:1-3:21 The life of Samuel marks a transition period in the history of Israel from the time of the judges to the kingdom of Saul and David. “If I had the least inkling that my father was determined to harm you, wouldn’t I tell you?”, David asked, “Who will tell me if your father answers you harshly?”. At first, this did not trouble Saul greatly, because he thought, "Something has happened to him; he is unclean, surely he is unclean." In 1 Samuel 18-20 David gains the favor of Saul’s family (Michal and Jonathan). 1 Samuel Study Guide Chapter 1 1) How many wives did Elkanah have? This made Jonathan very angry, and he refused to continue participating in the feast. ", it happened the next day … that David's place was empty, Jonathan answered Saul, "David earnestly asked permission of me to go to Bethlehem. David now poses a practical problem. Conceivably, he could have said, "Where is your faith, brother? We must be willing to be vulnerable with each other and respect the needs of our spouses even if they are needs we do not fully understand. ", Saul's anger was aroused … "You son of a perverse, rebellious woman! Then Jonathan knew that his father intended to kill David. Then David said to Jonathan, "Who will tell me, or (1Sa 20:35-40) Jonathan tells David bout Saul's state of mind through the pre-arranged signal of the arrows. Don’t I know that you have sided with the son of Jesse to your own shame and to the shame of the mother who bore you? Johannine Writings Then Saul's anger was aroused against Jonathan, and he said to him, "You son of a perverse, rebellious woman! As you study the passages in their context and seek to obey them in your context, I know the Lord will encourage you and challenge you. The day after tomorrow, toward evening, go to the place where you hid when this trouble began, and wait by the stone Ezel. One night with the wrong crowd may give a boy an arrest record. Then Jonathan said to David, “Tomorrow is the New Moon feast. Free Bible study questions for 1 Samuel 8 provides great insight into why God’s people end up living in a less than ideal situation. -------------------- They make a compromise thinking that they will gain what another promises them. b. I'll lay aside my right to the throne, and help you take it. The Old Testament Prophets Let’s turn to chapter 20 now. If Saul's heart was different towards David, he might have been disappointed that he wasn't there, but he wouldn't have been furious. How will Jonathan get the message to David? i. Meyer on the son of Jesse: "Speaking of him derisively as 'the son of Jesse,' thus accentuating his lowly birth, and ignoring the relationship that bound him to the royal family.". One night of carelessness may change a girl's life forever. How have I wronged your father, that he is trying to kill me?” “Never!” Jonathan replied. Salem Media Group. Jonathan was Saul's son, and the crown prince of Israel. Jonathan said to David, “Go in peace, for we have sworn friendship with each other in the name of the LORD, saying, ‘The LORD is witness between you and me, and between your descendants and my descendants forever.’ ” Then David left, and Jonathan went back to the town. i. Poole on to the shame of your mother's nakedness: "Men will conclude, that thy mother was a whore, and thou a bastard; and that thou hast no royal blood in thy veins, that canst so tamely give up thy crown to so contemptible a person.". And Jonathan said to David, "Come, and let us go out into the field." In this 1 Samuel 20 commentary, we’re going to spend a bit of time in this chapter, so I want to give a brief outline of this chapter for you; it divides into 3 main parts: 3.1 1 Samuel 20:1-23: Jonathan and David devising a plan to test Saul’s intentions (we’ll spend the … Major Prophets Jonathan knew that one day, David and his descendants would rule over Israel, and he wants David to promise that David and his descendants will not kill or mistreat the descendants of Jonathan. 3. He had two wives — As many had in those days, though it was a transgression of the original institution of marriage. Poetical Books Essentially, David says "If you really are working for your father, and agree with him that I deserve to die, then just kill me right now!". It is not so!" (1Sa 20:12-13) Jonathan vows to find out the state of his father's heart for David. 4:1 And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. Therefore he has not come to the king's David is asking Jonathan, "Am I in the wrong here? and he said to the boy, “Run and find the arrows I shoot.” As the boy ran, he shot an arrow beyond him. 1. But David now left for a life of hiding, secrecy, and danger. The Old Testament "But there is something still nobler - when one dares in any company to avow his loyalty to the Lord Jesus. Instead, Jonathan knew David's heart was pointed in the right direction, and he just offered to help. Jonathan and David probably envisioned working together, as partners, as friends, both before and after the time David became king. The Bible was clear, and Saul was on record as saying that they should kill David (1 Samuel 19:1). Jonathan's support of David enraged Saul, and Saul cast a spear at him to kill him. In asking, "What have I done?" c. What have I done? And when the New Moon had come, the king sat down to eat the feast. c. Far be it from you! David complaineth to Jonathan of Saul: he comforteth him; can hardly believe what David saith of his father; promiseth to give him notice how his absence was taken: they renew a covenant of friendship, and swear to each other, 1 Samuel 20:1-17. Historical Books Originally the two books of Samuel formed o n e historical book. What has he done? EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). Man proposes, but God disposes. Look, my father doesn’t do anything, great or small, without letting me know. Or, would he take the opportunity to kill him? 1 Samuel, and the question of who should be Israel's king dominates much of 2 Samuel.1 As with all the historical narratives of the Old Testament, the Holy Spirit's purpose in giving us the books of 1 and 2 Samuel was not just to record events that transpired. Either he would be welcomed back to the palace and his home, or he would be a fugitive until Saul gave up the hunt for David. Therefore you shall deal kindly with your servant, for you have brought your servant into a covenant of the LORD with you. (1:2) Two 2) Which of Elkanah's wives had no children? b. Apparently, Saul hoped that David would be at this feast as expected, and David wondered how Saul would react to his presence. But Saul hurled his spear at him to kill him. It is not so! 1 Samuel 22:20 "And one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped, and fled after David." He remembers that Jonathan's support for him is challenged by the fact that his father is against David. ii. Jonathan also assures David that he will protect him, by warning David of Saul's intentions. Then David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and went and said to Jonathan, “What have I … The Gospels All rights reserved. Minor Prophets A son of Ahimelech (21:1), who escaped the slaughter and joined David’s company, he performed priestly functions for David for the rest of David’s life (compare 23:6, 9; 30:7; 2 Sam. What is my crime? This assures David that Jonathan is still his loyal friend, and that Jonathan hasn't bought into Saul's lies about David. He tried to encourage Jonathan's sense of hurt and self-interest against David (as long as the son of Jesse lives on the earth, you shall not be established, nor your kingdom). Like David, he is now in obscurity and disrepute; his name is not popular; his gospel is misrepresented; his followers are subjected to rebuke and scorn. When woman takes her exalted place, God builds her a throne. (Meyer). Includes cross references, discussion questions, teaching points, outline, and applications on 1 Samuel 17. ii. His was an epoch life like Abraham's, Joshua's and Luther's. Jonathan, with his excellent character before God, served an important role in David's life. ii. (Redpath), © 2001 David Guzik - No distribution beyond personal use without permission. (1Sa 20:18-23) Jonathan proposes a signal to inform David of Saul's reaction. The Old Testament Then Jonathan said to David, "Go in peace, since we have both sworn in the name of the LORD, saying, 'May the LORD be between you and me, and between your descendants and my descendants, forever.'" But David more so: If Jonathan had reason to weep, David had more so. The pain of being apart was bad enough, but it was worse for David because he was cut off from everything, and destined to live for many years the life of a fugitive. And so it was, in the morning, that Jonathan went out into the field at the time appointed with David, and a little lad was with him. 1. (The boy knew nothing about all this; only Jonathan and David knew. The Gospels David now knew he would have to live as a fugitive, on the run from an angry, jealous king determined to destroy him. Why would he hide this from me? 1 Samuel 21:1-7.DAVID, AT NOB, OBTAINS OF AHIMELECH HALLOWED BREAD. i. b. General Epistles When we do not share our deepest longings with our spouses or, as we are able, serve our spouses by meeting their needs, we make it tempting to meet these needs outside of marriage. i. Jonathan might have been threatened by David, but instead he loved him and was loyal to him. They wept together: David and Jonathan loved each other, and had a strong bond of friendship. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select a Beginning Point He would not be welcome again in the palace, and he would not be safe again at home. Their sign, 1 Samuel 20:18-23. Then they kissed each other and wept together—but David wept the most. God builds the throne on a woman’s cry. Pentateuch 1 Samuel 1 - NIV: There was a certain man from Ramathaim, a Zuphite from the hill country of Ephraim, whose name was Elkanah son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephraimite. i. c. Go in peace, since we have both sworn in the name of the LORD: Jonathan knew he might never see David again. Johannine Writings (Trapp). There was something noble in Jonathan's commitment to David as a friend. what if your father answers you roughly?" b. "Behind you is the sunny morning, before you a lowering sky; behind you the blessed enjoyment of friendship, wife, home, royal favor, and popular adulation, before you an outcast's life." If he says, ‘Very well,’ then your servant is safe. -------------------- 2 Samuel 20:1 "And there happened to be there a man of Belial, whose name [was] Sheba, the son of Bichri, a Benjamite: and he blew a trumpet, and said, We have no part in David, neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: every man to his tents, O Israel." After the boy had gone, David got up from the south side of the stone and bowed down before Jonathan three times, with his face to the ground. In the morning Jonathan went out to the field for his meeting with David. Only Jonathan and David knew of the matter. 22:1 David therefore departed thence, and escaped to the cave Adullam: and when his brethren and all his father's house heard it, they went down thither to him. (1:2) Hannah 3) How often did Elkanah go to worship and sacrifice to the Lord? 1. So he arose and departed, and Jonathan went into the city. "David, even if you must leave the palace and your home behind, and flee as a fugitive, the LORD will be with you. Prophets If your father misses me at all, then say, 'David earnestly asked permission of me that he might run over to Bethlehem, his city, for there is a yearly sacrifice there for all the family.' Are you still behind me?" iii. The Attempts of Saul to Slay David.....18:10–20:42 C. The Rise of David in Exile ... 1 Samuel Study Guide Author: David Padfield Subject: Bible Class Book on 1 Samuel Keywords: samuel, prophet, kings, israel, old testament, study guide, class book Created Date: The two of them made a covenant before the Lord: David and Jonathan already made a covenant (1 Samuel 18:3; 20:16) but now they confirm it again. David could have decided to challenge Saul's authority, thinking "I'll stay around here and gather loyal people away from Saul and to myself. What has he done? 1 Samuel: Putting God First TABLE OF CONTENTS Click on the study title you’d like to see: OVERVIEW OF 1 SAMUEL Study 1:TRUSTGODWITHUNMETDESIRES Leader’s Guide — Participant’s Guide Study 2: GLORIFY ODINALLYOUDO Leader’s Guide — Participant’s Guide Study 3:FOCUSONWHAT’SIMPORTANT Leader’s Guide — Participant’s Guide Jonathan agreed to care for David in the face of Saul's threat, and David agreed to care for Jonathan and his family in the future. Share this page using one of these tools: Email / username or password was incorrect! Luke-Acts Author and Time of Writing. a. i. So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David: Jonathan and David agreed to care for one another. c. And the LORD will be with you as He has been with my father: Jonathan wants to give David more than a warning. f. Whatever you yourself desire, I will do it for you: Jonathan continues to reassure David, bringing encouragement to a discouraged man. 2. He would no longer be able to go home. So David hid in the field, and when the New Moon feast came, the king sat down to eat. “Abiathar”: Literally “The father is excellent”. How can anyone set out on such a bleak road and be in the will of God? -------------------- 1. the soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David--They were nearly of an age.The prince had taken little interest in David as a minstrel; but his heroism and modest, manly bearing, his piety and high endowments, kindled the flame not of admiration only, but of affection, in the congenial mind of Jonathan. CHAPTER 18. David fulfilled this promise to Jonathan (2 Samuel 9:1-8 and 21:7). GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, (Hebrew/Greek Search by English Definition), * 'Number Delimiters' only apply to 'Paragraph Order', Search verses, phrases, and topics (e.g. Sometimes our lives can turn on a small thing. -------------------- The class book is suitable for teens and up. He had a small boy with him. xix. David wants to know if Jonathan has come to a place of agreement with his father Saul. Jonathan got up from the table in fierce anger; on that second day of the feast he did not eat, because he was grieved at his father’s shameful treatment of David. d. So he arose and departed: David will not return to "normal life" until Saul is dead and David is king. And it happened the next day, the second day of the month, that David's place was empty. Note: MLA no longer requires the URL as part of their citation standard. 6; and the worthiest minds are least suspicious and most charitable in their opinions of others." Samuel, Saul and David. This bleak road is important in David's life, because if David will be safe now and promoted to king later, David must learn to let God be his defense and his promoter. In 1 Samuel God’s greatness will be a constant background as you discuss stories of deliverance, victory, forgiveness, and worship. 1 Samuel 4 To listen and read click the version, KJV or NIV, then the sound symbol & wait about 30 sec. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select an Ending Point 1 SAMUEL COMMENT: I. SAMUEL: God’s prophet, priest, and judge, Chapters 1 — 8 Chapter 1 — This First Book of Samuel opens with a cry of a godly woman. Pauline Epistles Minor Prophets Nevertheless Saul did not say anything that day, for he thought, "Something has happened to him; he is unclean, surely he is unclean." "For Jonathan gave credit to his father's oath, chap. What has he done?” Jonathan asked his father. And David said to Jonathan, "Indeed tomorrow is the New Moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king to eat. of Scripture. Then he shouted, “Hurry! A small thing - the signal of a single arrow - told David his whole life was changed. Hannah seems to have been his first wife; and as she proved barren, he was induced, it is probable, through his earnest desire of children, to take another, as Abraham had done, by Sarah’s consent. We have to see all of this from David's perspective. There is a time, I know not when, A place, I know not where, Which marks the destiny of men To heaven or despair. In 1 Samuel 20:21-22, Jonathan and David determined that if the arrows were shot at a shorter distance, then David could know that Saul's heart was favorable to him. While the people cry for a king, Hannah cries for a child. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select a Beginning Point But there was a bond in the LORD between these men that could not be broken. i. But it is all in vain; the arrows' flight proves you must go wither you may." “Come,” Jonathan said, “let’s go out into the field.” So they went there together. Now Israel went out against the Philistines to battle, and pitched beside Eben-ezer: and the Philistines pitched in Aphek. ii. The Spirit of God protected David there in a powerful way. Either Saul's heart has changed towards David, and there is safety for you and no harm, or Saul is still determined to kill David, and the LORD has sent you away. Johannine Writings But show me unfailing kindness like the LORD’s kindness as long as I live, so that I may not be killed, and do not ever cut off your kindness from my family—not even when the LORD has cut off every one of David’s enemies from the face of the earth.”, So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, “May the LORD call David’s enemies to account.”. So, when it happened the next day … that David's place was empty, Saul demanded an explanation. You shall not die! If he says thus: 'It is well,' your servant will be safe. -------------------- All rights reserved worldwide. Is not the arrow beyond you? 1 Samuel 18:1-4.JONATHAN LOVES DAVID. The Old Testament Henceforward the first book ended with Saul's death and … Part 1 - 1 Samuel chapter 1 - Samuel… The New Moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king to eat: Special sacrifices were commanded for the new moon (Numbers 28:11-15). 1 Samuel: Bible Study and Commentary. a. If your father misses me at all, tell him, ‘David earnestly asked my permission to hurry to Bethlehem, his hometown, because an annual sacrifice is being made there for his whole clan.’. Quotations designated (NIV) are from THE HOLY BIBLE: NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®. Blue Letter Bible offers several daily devotional readings in order to help you refocus on Christ and the Gospel of His peace and righteousness. You will find these questions on the Internet at www.usefulbible.com. David, in distress, fled to the tabernacle of God. d. In his anger, Saul accused Jonathan of siding with David (you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own shame). Usernames should only contain letters, numbers, dots, dashes, or underscores. Why should my father hide this thing from me? (1Sa 20:14-17) In response, Jonathan makes David commit himself in a covenant. But truly, as the LORD lives and as your soul lives, there is but a step between me and death." Error: Passwords should have at least 6 characters, Error: Usernames should only contain letters, numbers, dots, dashes, or underscores. Then Saul said to his son Jonathan, “Why hasn’t the son of Jesse come to the meal, either yesterday or today?”. The New Testament a. b. -------------------- And Jonathan cried out after the lad, "Make haste, hurry, do not delay!" Blue Letter Bible study tools make reading, searching and studying the Bible easy and rewarding. Major Prophets Then Jonathan said to David, "Tomorrow is the New Moon; and you will be missed, because your seat will be empty. Keith Simons. Wisdom Literature Go quickly! a. 2. (1Sa 20:5-11) David proposes to test Saul's attitude. We should see in this that David is testing Jonathan's loyalty. It isn’t so!”, But David took an oath and said, “Your father knows very well that I have found favor in your eyes, and he has said to himself, ‘Jonathan must not know this or he will be grieved.’ Yet as surely as the LORD lives and as you live, there is only a step between me and death.”, Jonathan said to David, “Whatever you want me to do, I’ll do for you.”. John 3:16, Jesus faith love), The Whole Bible 1 Samuel. -------------------- When David left, he went to see his close friend Jonathan. And as for the matter which you and I have spoken of, indeed the LORD be between you and me forever.". [A new version of this page can be found here]. a. I will shoot three arrows: After Jonathan learns his father's heart and intention towards David, he will communicate to David through a signal. It is great comfort in a day of trouble, that we have a God to go to, to whom we may open our cases, and from whom we may ask and expect direction. (1Sa 1:19-20) Samuel's miraculous conception is evidence of God's special call on his life. 3. If I expressly say to him, 'Look, the arrows are on this side of you; get them and come'; then, as the LORD lives, there is safety for you and no harm. -------------------- ", you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own shame, as long as the son of Jesse lives on the earth, you shall not be established, nor your kingdom. Pauline Epistles (Poole). In 1 Samuel 21 David gains the favor of the priesthood. So Jonathan's lad gathered up the arrows and came back to his master. The Gospels My heart rejoices in the LORD: Here, Hannah shows a depth of commitment and love for God that humbles us. Jonathan knew from this response that Saul's heart was settled on evil against David. As for you, show kindness to your servant, for you have brought him into a covenant with you before the LORD. conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy He would no longer be welcome at the palace. 1 Samuel 1:28 ended, So they worshipped the LORD there. And the LORD be with you as He has been with my father. But let me go, that I may hide in the field until the third day at evening. Historical Books A. David, coming from Naioth, meets Jonathan. 1 Samuel 20:1-10.DAVID CONSULTS WITH JONATHAN FOR HIS SAFETY. Wisdom Literature Of course, he wants to know what Saul thinks, but even more important to David is to know what Jonathan thinks. And about the matter you and I discussed—remember, the LORD is witness between you and me forever.”. Jonathan knew the Bible said, You shall not murder (Exodus 20:13). And now, if I have found favor in your eyes, please let me get away and see my brothers.' It was Jonathan's way of saying, "David, I recognize that you are God's choice to be the next king, not me. Here is the worship Hannah offered, and what she offered on the very day she left her little boy - her only child - at the tabernacle, never for him to live in her home again. When I have sounded out my father: Jonathan will find out his father's heart, and will report it to David, if say if it is good or bad towards David. d. So Jonathan said to him, "By no means!" -------------------- Luke-Acts General Epistles He also remembers that Jonathan's support for him is challenged by the fact that Jonathan is next in line for the throne, and might perhaps have an interest in being against David. When the lad had come to the place where the arrow was which Jonathan had shot, Jonathan cried out after the lad and said, "Is not the arrow beyond you?" Then David took an oath again, and said, "Your father certainly knows that I have found favor in your eyes, and he has said, 'Do not let Jonathan know this, lest he be grieved.' And Saul said to Jonathan his son, "Why has the son of Jesse not come to eat, either yesterday or today?" Then I will send a boy and say, ‘Go, find the arrows.’ If I say to him, ‘Look, the arrows are on this side of you; bring them here,’ then come, because, as surely as the LORD lives, you are safe; there is no danger. "You have hoped against hope; you have tried to keep your position; you have done your duty, pleaded your cause, sought the intercession of your friends, prayed, wept, agonized.
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